The use of drone-based LiDAR is rapidly gaining traction due to its ability to help users complete their jobs more precisely, safely and cost-effectively in a fraction of the time. While LiDAR has many advantages, there are some limitations that make it difficult to use. UAV LiDAR offers great advantages in hazardous environments where you don't want to send people and for inspecting areas that are difficult or impossible to travel by other means, such as open pit mines, landslides or areas containing landmines. There are several unmanned aerial vehicle platforms on the market that claim to be suitable for transporting LiDAR systems.
The UAV LiDAR is ideal when you need to penetrate through vegetation to achieve a DTM instead of a DSM, or to overcome difficult terrain or dangerous places. In the case of the LiDAR UAV, the number of points per square meter is high, since it flies lower and slower compared to other aerial options, such as the helicopter or the airplane. LiDAR data is often collected using sensors placed on vehicles such as drones, helicopters and airplanes. Many companies use LiDAR for a wide range of applications, from law enforcement to robotics, military and conservation.
The fast response times for capturing data and providing high-resolution outputs mean that the LiDAR UAV now offers a cost-effective and viable alternative for terrestrial mapping and topography projects. UAV LiDAR has multiple advantages compared to aerial and ground LiDAR, including greater safety, cost-effectiveness, speed of data collection and higher data quality. Since the laser pulses emitted by a LiDAR system are reflected in objects found on and above the ground surface, LiDAR is a very useful technology for penetrating vegetation from the air and seeing the ground below. In addition, higher-strength drones are now available, which will expand the type of applications for which the LiDAR UAV can be used.
The acquisition of LiDAR data from UAVs can be done in a timely, accurate and safe manner, and at a much lower cost than manned aircraft surveys. As stated above, aerial LiDAR and UAV are used to create accurate 3D models in the form of DTM and DSM. Despite all these advantages, there are some drawbacks associated with using LiDAR UAVs. Firstly, they require specialized training for operators in order to ensure safe operation.
Secondly, they are limited by their battery life which restricts their range and duration of flight. Thirdly, they are limited by their payload capacity which affects how much data can be collected in one flight. Finally, they are limited by their size which affects how much detail can be captured in one flight. In conclusion, while UAV LiDAR offers many advantages over traditional methods of data collection, it is important to understand its limitations before investing in this technology. It is important to consider factors such as battery life, payload capacity and size when deciding whether or not this technology is right for your project.
With proper training and understanding of these limitations, UAV LiDAR can be an invaluable tool for collecting accurate data quickly and cost-effectively.