Targeting an aircraft with lasers can be extremely hazardous to the crew and the safe operation of the aircraft. To reduce and eliminate safety risks during flight, on-board sensors must be developed and tested both in flight and on the ground. Evaluating the safety of UAVs requires ensuring optimal functioning of the vehicle, taking into account and determining possible hazards that may arise during their operation to mitigate related risks. This includes field tests which necessitate building appropriate test benches and procedures, defining and measuring appropriate merit figures to thoroughly characterize the entire vehicle and its components, and taking into account normal and extreme environmental conditions in which the UAV may be asked to operate.
When operating a lidar UAV, it is essential to adhere to safety protocols in order to avoid pilot negligence or distraction, take into account poor weather conditions, monitor component failures, ensure adequate structural integrity, and avoid collisions with birds, buildings, or other UAVs. All personnel involved in operating a lidar UAV should also be properly trained in safety protocols. To ensure the safety of lidar UAV operations, it is important to develop and test components and subsystems of the UAV throughout its life cycle from design to operation and maintenance. Additionally, it is important to create appropriate test benches and procedures, define and measure appropriate merit figures to thoroughly characterize the entire vehicle and its components, and take into account normal and extreme environmental conditions in which the UAV may be asked to operate. By following these safety protocols for operating a lidar UAV, operators can reduce or eliminate potential risks associated with their use. This will help ensure that all personnel involved in operating a lidar UAV are properly trained in safety protocols, as well as help prevent damage to other vehicles, property, and the UAV itself.